Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was an Austrian composer from the Classical era. Mozart's talent was manifest at an early age: he wrote his first compositions when he was only five years old. He was a highly prolific composer: during his lifetime, he composed over six hundred works. Ludwig Van Beethoven was heavily influenced by Mozart. Today, Mozart is one of the most widely-known composers in the history of classical music.
Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg, Austria. He learned his first piece on the klavier (piano/clavichord/harpsichord) at 3, and composed "Andante in C" for his sister, Maria Anna (Nannerl) to play, which was finished when he was about 4, close to his fifth birthday. He and his sister would travel Europe as prodigies, providing shows for the wealthy. He then began composing a great deal of works, and wrote his first opera at just 11, Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots, followed by Apollo et Hyacinthus, both in 1767. He began to truly blossom in the 1780's with The Abduction from the Seraglio and the Great Mass in C Minor. He also got married in 1782, but this brought up a great deal of problems with his father, who did not want Mozart to marry. He wrote his twentieth piano concerto, which was one of his best, in honor of his father traveling to Vienna to see him. His opera the Marriage of Figaro was performed first in 1786, but Mozart's father Leopold died shortly after in 1787, which was then followed by Don Giovanni, Mozart's darkest opera. In 1788, he wrote his most famous symphonies, 39, 40, and 41. In 1790, his financial situation was improving, but his health was not. In 1791, he wrote his most iconic opera, the Magic Flute, which had much success. He was also, at the same time, commissioned to write a requiem mass, which would be one of his greatest, but sadly, his last work. He died Dec. 5, 1791 with the great Requiem unfinished.